To really make the simple concept of layered landscapes and ecological restoration work in a design appropriate for a given site requires a process of discovery of the site’s past history, current influences, and future impacts. This process of understanding a site is sometimes called “listening” and encompasses ecological, social, and political factors and values. Each can be seen as a layer and the site and its future design is defined by all the layers taken as a whole. Previously, a typical toolbox for ecological restoration included using native species, working with ecological processes such as succession, and using historical ecosystems as restoration targets. However, we are now aware that restoration is more complex than that. Historical and social context is just as or even more important in determining the success of projects. In these two lectures we will review examples of restoration projects around Greater Victoria that reveal the layers involved and how they have shaped restoration projects. You can download the slide shows for the talks Layered Landscapes 1 U Vic and Colquitz (9 MB) and Layered Landscapes 2 Listening and EM (5.3 MB).